Missions to Venus

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Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.
Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.

Time (UTC/GMT+0)MissionEvent
Venera 1Contact lost 3 month before planned Venus fluby at 100,000km.
Mariner 1Planned Venus flyby. Launch failure.
Sputnik 19Planned Venus flyby. Failed to leave Earth orbit.
Mariner 2Venus flyby at 34,773km.
Sputnik 20Planned Venus lander. Failed to leave Earth orbit.
Sputnik 21Planned Venus flyby. Exploded in Earth orbit.
Cosmos 21Planned Venus flyby. Failed to leave Earth orbit.
Venera 1964APlanned Venus flyby. Launch failure.
Venera 1964BPlanned Venus flyby. Launch failure.
Cosmos 27Planned Venus flyby. Failed to leave Earth orbit.
Zond 1Attempted Venus flyby. Contact lost enroute
Venera 2Attempted Venus capsule. Contact lost enroute
Venera 3Attempted Venus landing. Contact lost enroute
Venera 1965APlanned Venus flyby. Launch failure.
Cosmos 96Planned Venus lander. Exploded in Earth orbit.
Venera 4Venus capsule
Mariner 5Venus flyby
Cosmos 167Planned entry into Venus athmosphere. Failed to leaver Earth orbit.
Venera 5Venus capsule
Venera 6Venus capsule
Venera 7Venus capsule/surface impact
Cosmos 359Failed Venus probe.
Venera 8Venus capsule
Cosmos 482Failed Venus Probe.
1974-02-05  17:01Mariner 10Venus Fly-by - first gravity assist by a spacecraft to reach another planet (5,768 km)
Venera 9Venus orbiter and lander
Venera 10Venus orbiter and lander
Pioneer Venus 2Venus capsules
Venera 11Venus lander
Venera 12Venus lander
1978-12-04Pioneer Venus 1Venus orbit insertion. Periapsis held between 142km and 253km
Venera 13Venus lander
Venera 14Venus lander
Venera 15Venus orbiter
Venera 16Venus orbiter
1985-06-11  02:01:37Vega 1Balloon atmospheric release. Pulled out of storage compartment (61km altitude. 8N 177E)
1985-06-11  03:02:54Vega 1Lander touchdown at 7.5N 177.7E
1985-06-11Vega 1Bus flyby at Venus (39,000km) enroute to Halley
1985-06-15Vega 2Landing on Venus. 1500km SE of Vega 1 landing spot
1985-06-15Vega 2Bus flyby at Venus (24500km) enroute to Halley
MagellanVenus orbiter
1990-02-10GalileoVenus Flyby (16,000 km)
1998-04-26  13:44CassiniVenus Fly-By 1 (6,336 km)
1999-06-24  20:29CassiniVenus Fly-By 2 (6,655 km)
2006-04-11  07:17Venus ExpressVOI orbit insertion burn starts
2006-10-24  08:34:00MESSENGERVenus Flyby 1 (2987km alt.)
2007-06-05  23:08:19MESSENGERVenus Flyby 2 (338km alt.)
2012-12-31Venus ExpressCurrent mission end

Indexed Targets (by location)
Planets and Moons
Sun
Mercury
Venus
Earth
.. Moon
.. L2
Mars
.. Deimos
.. Phobos
Jupiter
.. Amalthea
.. Callisto
.. Europa
.. Ganymede
.. Himalia
.. Io
Asteroid Chiron
Asteroid Pholus
Uranus
Neptune
.. Triton
Pluto
.. Charon
Planets and Moons
Saturn
.. Atlas
.. Calypso
.. Daphnis
.. Dione
.. Enceladus
.. Epimetheus
.. Helene
.. Hyperion
.. Iapetus
.. Janus
.. Methone
.. Mimas
.. Pallene
.. Pan
.. Pandora
.. Phoebe
.. Polydeuces
.. Prometheus
.. Rhea
.. Telesto
.. Tethys
.. Titan
Minor Planets
Ceres
Asteroids
APL (2002JF56)
Eros
Gaspra
Ida
Itokawa
Lutetia
Masursky
Mathilde
Steins
Vesta
Geographos
Comets
d'Arrest
Enke
Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Giacobini-Zinner
Grigg-Skjellerup
Halley
Hartley 2
Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova
Schwassmann-Wachmann-3
Tempel 1
Wild 2
Borrelly