Earth Flybys and Observations

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Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.
Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.

Time (UTC/GMT+0)MissionEvent
1990-07-02GiottoEarth flyby; observations of Earths magnetic field and energetic particle environment (22,730 km)
1991-10-08GalileoEarth Flyby 1 (960 km)
1992-01-08  14:08:47SakigakeEarth Flyby 1 (82,647 km)
1992-12-08GalileoEarth Flyby 2 (305 km)
1993-06-14SakigakeEarth Flyby 2 (1,841,500 km)
1994-10-28SakigakeEarth Flyby 3 (546,100 km)
1999-01-01  12:00GiottoSecond Earth flyby (spacecraft switched off)
1999-08-18  03:28CassiniEarth Fly-By (7,551 km)
2003-08ContourPlanned Earth flyby (not achieved)
2004-05-02GenesisEarth flyby on way to L2
2004-05-19HayabusaEarth Fly-By (3,725 km)
2004-08ContourPlanned Earth flyby [not achieved]
2004-09-08GenesisSample capsule return to Earth. Hard landing as parachute fails, some science data remains intact
2005-02ContourPlanned Earth flyby [not achieved]
2005-03-04RosettaEarth Flyby 1
2005-08-02  19:13MESSENGEREarth Fly-By. Closest approach above Central China (2,348 km)
2006-01-15  10:10:00Stardust NExTEarth Sample Return
2006-02ContourPlanned Earth flyby [not achieved]
2007-02ContourPlanned Earth flyby [not achieved]
2007-11-13RosettaEarth Flyby 2 - 5,295km above surface
2008-02ContourPlanned Earth flyby [not achieved]
2008-12-30EpoxiEarth Flyby 2
2009-06-29  07:42:41EpoxiDistant Earth Flyby 1 (1,336,703km distance)
2009-11-13  07:45:40RosettaEarth Flyby 3 (2,481km above Java. 48,018km/h.)
2009-12-28  10:19:45EpoxiDistant Earth Flyby 2 (1,323,959km distance)
2010-06-01HayabusaRetun to Earth
2010-06-27  22:05:13EpoxiEarth Flyby 3 (30,496km altitude)
2013-10-09  14:01:00JunoEarth flyby (altitude 500km lat -34.372 long -17.146)

Indexed Targets (by location)
Planets and Moons
Sun
Mercury
Venus
Earth
.. Moon
.. L2
Mars
.. Deimos
.. Phobos
Jupiter
.. Amalthea
.. Callisto
.. Europa
.. Ganymede
.. Himalia
.. Io
Asteroid Chiron
Asteroid Pholus
Uranus
Neptune
.. Triton
Pluto
.. Charon
Planets and Moons
Saturn
.. Atlas
.. Calypso
.. Daphnis
.. Dione
.. Enceladus
.. Epimetheus
.. Helene
.. Hyperion
.. Iapetus
.. Janus
.. Methone
.. Mimas
.. Pallene
.. Pan
.. Pandora
.. Phoebe
.. Polydeuces
.. Prometheus
.. Rhea
.. Telesto
.. Tethys
.. Titan
Minor Planets
Ceres
Asteroids
APL (2002JF56)
Eros
Gaspra
Ida
Itokawa
Lutetia
Masursky
Mathilde
Steins
Vesta
Geographos
Comets
d'Arrest
Enke
Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Giacobini-Zinner
Grigg-Skjellerup
Halley
Hartley 2
Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova
Schwassmann-Wachmann-3
Tempel 1
Wild 2
Borrelly